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• Explore how things work.

• Talk about the differences in materials and changes they notice.

Reception • Describe what they see, hear and feel whilst outside.
Year 1

• Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense. (Y1 - Animals, including humans)

• Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials. (Y1 - Materials)

Year 2  
Year 3

• Recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light.

• Notice that light is reflected from surfaces.

• Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes.

• Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by an opaque object.

• Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change

Year 4  
Year 5 • Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets. (Y5 - Properties and changes of materials)
Year 6

• Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines.

• Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye.

• Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes.

• Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them.