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• Explore how things work.

• Explore and talk about different forces they can feel.

• Talk about the differences between materials and changes they notice.


• Explore the natural world around them.

• Describe what they see, hear and feel whilst outside.

Year 1  
Year 2 • Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching. (Y2 - Uses of everyday materials)
Year 3

• Compare how things move on different surfaces.

• Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance.

• Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others.

• Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials.

• Describe magnets as having two poles.

• Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing.

Year 4  
Year 5

• Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object.

• Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces.

• Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect.

Year 6