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Nursery • Explore how things work.
Year 4

• Identify common appliances that run on electricity.

• Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers.

• Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery.

• Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit.

• Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors.

Year 6

• Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit.

• Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches.

• Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram.