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Animals, including humans​​​​​​​


• Use all their senses in hands-on exploration of natural materials.

• Begin to make sense of their own life-story and family’s history.

• Understand the key features of the life cycle of a plant and an animal.

• Begin to understand the need to respect and care for the natural environment and all living things.


• Talk about members of their immediate family and community.

• Name and describe people who are familiar to them.

• Recognise some environments that are different to the one in which they live

Year 1

• Identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

• Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores.

• Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets).

• Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense.

Year 2

• Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults.

• Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air).

• Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene.

• Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food. (Y2 - Living things and their habitats)

Year 3

• Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat.

• Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement.

Year 4

• Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans.

• Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions.

• Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey.

Year 5

• Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.

• Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird. (Y5 - Living things and their habitats)

• Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals. (Y5 - Living things and their habitats)

Year 6

• Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood.

• Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function.

• Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans.

• Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms, plants and animals. (Y6 - Living things and their habitats)

• Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics. (Y6 - Living things and their habitats)